Chapter 18 - Rule Three - You Say?

I’ve noticed a lot of arrows drawn on pieces of papers, a few triangles and other strange dittos. I
thought they might be new flow charts for another one of Phantom’s computer programs. It’s not
unusual to have scribbles that turn into worthless pieces of paper after the markets are closed.
Shortly after the markets are closed most of these odd scribbles get closed out to the circular file.
These particular scribbles didn’t get thrown away and that made me more interested in them. Since
they didn’t make any sense to me, I decided to ask Phantom just what they were. He was a bit
uneasy about them and didn’t want to detail any of them.
I decided to try and figure this out myself. Here is what I saw. In his first set of scribbles, there were
arrows and two triangles. The first set contained four arrows. The first arrow pointed to the top of
the page and the second pointed to the right of the first arrow. The last two arrows pointed from the
other two arrows down toward the bottom of the paper and the last pointed to the left side of the
paper. In other words what we had here was your old ordinary – to turn left make three right turns.
The next set of arrows was but two arrows. One pointed to the top of the page and the last arrow
pointed to the left of the first arrow. In other words we now had the old turn left directly symbol.
To the left of both sets of arrows was a triangle indicating one of two choices. It still looked like a
flow chart for a program to me at this point.
But wait, there it is! I see it at the bottom of the page. In very small letters are the words “rule
three.” Great I thought, Phantom is going to give us rule three just like everyone had asked.
Traders on the talk forum had asked Phantom to give them rule three and tell them when they
should take their profits. Their feelings were that the circle must be completed. The traders were
beginning to understand rule one in getting into a position and whether to keep the position
established. They were also beginning to understand rule two better in what the purpose and
advantage of adding to correct positions would do for them.
Could it be that Phantom has had a rule three all the time? Did he just not want to share this rule? I
wasn’t sure about rule three in his trading career as I thought I reasonably knew how he traded. How
had he kept it from me? Why wouldn’t he share his rule three with us? So many questions ran
through my mind.
I turned the papers over and I was a little disappointed in what I saw. Nothing other than a big
question mark was on the other side. There was nothing written on the pages except the scribbles
and rule three at the bottom.
ALS – Phantom, about rule three, what can you tell me in order that I pass your insight on to our
traders as we had agreed upon when we started this project?
Phantom of the Pits – I am afraid I have let them down Art! I don’t have a rule three as such. What
the traders are asking of me is more automatic for me than a rule. When to take profits is not an
easy and clear-cut rule.
You see my rules have been set up in order to address the nature of trading as a losing game and to
keep losses small. This is the most important aspect of trading and to add to correct positions in
order to bigger when correct. To have a rule on taking profits is to have a rule, which is second
nature most of the time.
I can understand the point of view that taking profits must be done correctly also. Though it might
be second nature for me, I am learning that important insight on that aspect is just as important to
our traders.

We will come up with a rule three. Did you notice I said “we?” It’s all the traders, you and me who
will be satisfied with rule three at it’s conclusion. It is not clear yet at this time but we shall do what
we discover as correct.
If you take a beaker of dirt and water, what do you get when you stir it up?
ALS – The clear water becomes muddy. Is the rule going to be revolutionary?
POP – Ok, well that is what taking profits become when it is time to take them. Revolutionary as
you say and I suppose revolutionary rule three will be the most liked rule of all! There are so many
variables that we can’t just have a simple rule to take profits. Most profit situations should be within
the trade program but I am sure we can come up with the rule that doesn’t interfere with a good
trading program. We will work on it.
My rule one takes care of removing the position when not proven correct. And rule two takes care
of getting larger when proven correct by adding positions. Back again we go to rule one to protect
rule two after adding positions. Rule one usually addresses removing a position when it no longer
continues to prove correct even though we have added positions also.
Taking profits is never as cut and dry as removing positions that are never correct for me. It’s kind
of funny though as most traders find it pretty cut and dry in taking profits. It is taking losses that
seem muddy to most traders
The traders on the forum have a legitimate request for rule three. I take profits within my programs
and never gave it much thought that it would be as important a rule as they have pointed out to us.
I can’t give my programs and it is going to be rather difficult to put rule three separate from the
programs I use to establish and remove positions. I don’t want to let them down either. Taking
profits is critical to increasing equity in their account. They are right in wanting the rest of the
insights into taking profits.
Outside of a trade program, taking profit criteria is going to be a little modified. Because we have to
modify when to take profits this way, we will have to have qualifiers as we did in understanding of
rule one and two.
First it must be stated that any time you take profits, you must be satisfied that this is the correct
move. If you look back at anytime, you will see that you could have made more money. Not that
you would have taken the position off at a better price but just the nature of hindsight.
By using rule two to add to positions, our newly found rule three will be much better and agreeable
for our traders to use. We need to establish criteria on the rule before we can actually set the rule
into words.
Are we going to define taking profits at the point we remove a position and end up with profits? Or
are we going to consider a rule to take profits for use only after a success of having added to our
total position? Do we consider rule three for taking profits after one add, two adds or additional
adds if required? At what point do we consider our trade totally established?
You can see some of the difficulties in coming up with rule three to take profits unless we set the
criteria for the rule from the start. Removing positions can at times be considered taking profits, yet
other times removing positions is keep loss small. Taking profits must be considered differently
than removing positions. We consider removing positions as our keeping losses small even though
at times removing profits leave us with a profit by the nature of the rules working for us.
Art, This is going to be a rule where we must have input from the traders in order to come up with
the wording of Rule Three. This is their rule so we must go back and get their input. It is important
that traders understand that Rule Three is with my input also but it is not a rule I have set into
cement over the years. It will include the nature of my profit taking to the extent of what criteria
traders want in the rule. Thought must be given on rule three by all who want the rule to use.

It is not possible to end up with a rule, which will cover everyone’s input but we can come up with a
rule, which they will be satisfied with using. We might need to do a lot of computer testing since we
are giving a rule, which they are asking to have. I am not completely comfortable in a rule three, if
it is different than my way of trading. Because of that feeling, I shall incorporate my own criteria
within the rule also.
I must know what the traders want in the rule. Consider all the variables, do your homework and set
your criteria so we can work on your rule!
ALS – What about the arrows on your paper on rule three?
POP – You see two sets don’t you? We may have three sets after their feedback. Feedback is what
we want now before I go into detail on any of my thoughts here.
I can guide some on what we need. Consider both rules one and two and do a flow chart of the
possibilities of each rule in each step and then point to what rule three is to consider as possibilities
for taking profits. Let us know your thoughts by steps if you can. This will help us work the rule
criteria better.
ALS – Ok, We will wait for feedback on what criteria our traders need.
Note: Further research and input came from “Futures'” talk forum of excellent traders in order to
end up with a creditable rule three.
ALS – We are beginning to get some ideas from traders on rule three now. Actually there are some
pretty good suggestions. In fact some of them end up with your arrows.
POP – I’ll discuss some of my theory at this point to give some hints and then we will address the
input from the traders.
Consider trading nothing but a maze. By maze what I mean is a series of rooms to progress through
from the entry until you get through all the rooms until you come out the other side. You can go
straight ahead or must turn to the left or right. But the object is to get through all the maze and
progress from each room until you have ended up through all the rooms and are at the outer side of
the maze once again.
In our maze, you must design a system, which guarantees that you will indeed get to the finish of
the maze. You can not know exactly which way to turn each time but you know that you must make
a turn. Trading is the same idea. You don’t know which way for sure to turn each time to get to the
goal. Your plan can be guess and miss, trial and error or systematic.
We want a balance of correct procedure each time and a speed, which does not create unnecessary
moves. Now the next point is going to make you laugh and question my integrity but it is an
important learning process from observation.
In my younger years at a great University I learned the maze answer by watching a mouse going
through a maze. The mouse was released to move around the maze and we were to learn what the
mouse would do. To my surprise, a low intelligent mouse had a system to get to the other end and it
didn’t really take long.
What the mouse did was always turn to the right whenever possible until it had progress through the
entire maze and was out the other end. While this wasn’t always the fastest way to get through the
maze, it certainly accomplished the object of the study by ending at the other end.
At that time I devised what is a simple method to get to the exit of the maze by just placing my right
hand on the right wall and continuing to progress until I could only turn to the right. At that point I
would turn to the right. As I continued forward, I would go forward, turn left or turn right
(whenever I could) but I would never retrace or reverse my steps. The idea was to guarantee that I

could get through to the exit of the maze with the least number of steps using a system to prevent
repeating my steps.
Isn’t that what trading presents to us also? A maze where we never really know which way to turn
but must have some kind of system to keep us from retracing our steps and extending the amount of
time required to get to our goals.
In trading, you can never really know at each important point what the correct move is until you
look backwards. Therefore, you must have a method, which is systematic with what your goal is.
The goal in trading is to get to the point of the least amount of loss in the journey. In a maze you
can not have the exact path but you can totally eliminate the unnecessary steps by using a welldevised
system. In trading, you can not make the exact moves each time you trade but you can
devise a system, which prevents you from unnecessary steps. The unnecessary steps are usually
costly losses in trading.
My rule one and two give me part of my system in trading by allowing me to eliminate the
unnecessary steps after defining what my goal includes. Let us progress forward with a forward
arrow upon entry of a position. My next move is either rule one or rules two. I either turn to the
right or turn to the left. When I turn to the left, I am removing my position because it was not
proven correct or does not continue to prove correct at that point of the trade. If I can turn to the
right, I will do it (my right hand on the wall) because this is my rule two adding to a correct position
and the current position has been or continues to prove correct. I want to turn to the right whenever
I can in order to get to my goal systematically without unnecessary steps. You see this is in my
maze system as well in my trading system.
Pretty simple and elementary since it was learned from a lowly intelligent rodent. This in no way
lowers the value of the knowledge. I sure don’t want anyone calling my system the rodent system so
please have mercy on me!
Now you can see some of my dilemma in getting to rule three. If I must either go straight ahead
(continue status quo) or turn left (get out of my position) or turn right (add to my position), I have
no room for turning around 180 degrees and taking profits outside of my rules one and two. That
would interfere with my two rules and cause unnecessary steps in reaching my goal properly.
Two points I want to make here. First I do not mean to imply that I must either use rule one or rule
two when I make a decision. If the decision is to use rule one, I know I am either correct or must
remove my position based on rule one. Just because rule one is used and I now have a proven
correct position does not mean I must use rule two until the proper criteria is established. That
criterion will not necessarily be to add just because the position was proven correct. We may not
add until the next buy or sell signal.
In trying to associate rules one and two with the maze, don’t forget that we turn right only when we
are able to do so (add to a position). We turn left (remove our position) when we come to a head on
wall and can not continue without turning left (removing our position.) A head on wall in trading is
when the position has not proven to be correct. This is not the same as having been proven wrong.
While trying to correlate the maze and our trading rules, don’t over analyze the comparison. I am
only presenting it as a background thought in design of your flow charts for trading should you
want the simple arrow diagram for your own use.
I am concerned that feedback indicates my insights are a little difficult to understand. Can you
imagine if we had ten or twenty rules? I know I repeat myself often but it is necessary in order to
continue to re-enforce the importance of the rules we have established. I guess I could make a
career out of better explaining my thoughts. I think it is better if the traders do more of their own
thinking rather than try and imitate my thoughts in coming up with their own plan. Anything can be
improved and I feel that each trader has the opportunity to improve their plans by knowing my
insights. While mine are not perfect, they work for me. Trader’s plans must work for them to be of
any use.

I feel like I am leaving something out of my thoughts here but I am not really holding anything back
intentionally. I want to address some of our feedback so far!
ALS: The first one we look at is from M.T. In summary his feed back indicates that rule three
seems intuitive, in a sense that rule three is just an extension of rules one and two. His thoughts are
that taking profit could be at a point of adverse movement back to say the last point of adding to the
existing position.
POP: I’ve always liked his thoughts and writings. Since add on positions are done in smaller parts
than the initial position, his thinking can actually be successful if it was considered time to take
profits at the adverse movement. But for profit taking sake all positions would have to be removed
in order to have a profit. Otherwise it would just be using rule one to assume the last add on
position was not proven correct but rule one would not be used properly. Mainly because using the
adverse movement to remove the position was the criteria for removing the position.
I want the last add on removed if the positions criteria does not prove correct rather than because of
an adverse move after entry. Of course if there is an adverse move, it certainly wasn’t proven correct
either so it is still right to remove the position. Don’t get me wrong as sometimes the adverse move
takes place immediately and you must remove the position because of it. But you are removing
because the position didn’t prove correct.
ALS – Yes, M.T. does say that he questioned as to his thinking was correct in using a price
movement to determine what to do instead of controlling the trade. He also indicated that he feels
he does better if he just has a stream of consciousness type thinking. He also indicated that at the
last add, perhaps you would drop all of your established position and that is more or less what you
said Phantom.
POP – M.T. is to the point of being more comfortable with his trading and being more subconscious
in his actions. Believe me that is how it eventually plays out when you have your plan into effect
and the confidence in what you are doing builds. He is certainly showing a good handle on his
future in trading.
ALS _ M.T. pointed out that indication of change in trend might be the removal point of positions.
POP – In a trading program that is what causes us to remove our entire positions sometimes.
Certainly when we get an early indication of topping, we remove our positions also. In fact last
week we did get our topping indicator in beans. Now that is good a reason to remove your positions.
Also we sometimes get a very quick reverse position indicator after a topping reversal. We did get
that last week.
I see you threw up some questioning to that effect last week on the forum in the proper form so as
to not preclude other traders thinking. Our indicators can be wrong at any time and it is important
that we don’t inflict our suggestions as advice on trading. Never give the crutch to a trader as long
as they can walk on their own two legs. They strengthen their legs by walking on them and not
using a crutch. Meaning they must make their own best judgement based on their experience and
Let’s move on to the next feedback, as M.T. is pretty helpful in helping us drive down the road on
our journey.
ALS – David Thomas had a follow up to M.T. indicating that perhaps rule 3 could be quite simple.
Rule 3 is simply following rules one and two. D.T. said that by using both rules and in the last part
of your positioning you will use rule one again and never return to rule two for your position is
removed by rule one.
POP – Yes, that is basically how I end with most of my positions. But there are times when I get a
reverse or topping or bottoming signal where I remove my positions without rule one. That is where
the traders are correct in thinking there should be a rule three. The more I think about it, the more I

see this as a qualifier rule to remove positions and take a profit at the time. But it could also be a
qualifier to remove a position without a profit also at those times.
It is beginning to look like an interesting story here. The making of rule three or the failure of a rule
is this point, I see now!
ALS – Steve Waring has some interesting flow-charting. He did a good job with the format on the
forum, as the difficulty to convey with actual arrows is rather difficult. Steve said he can’t see any
clear answers to profit taking . . . just a lot of trade off.
He uses two examples of mechanical profit taking systems. One system has a target price and one
has a retracement of price. As you would expect, each at one time or another has an advantage over
the other. They both seem to go against rules one and two.
He picked up on your cheapen the price of what you have trick. As you always indicated trading to
be like the ocean when the tide is either coming in or going out. He had good thoughts on how to
use rules 1 & 2. When your program indicates a possible plateau or reversal short term to offset part
of your position looking to re-enter at a better price and cheapen the price of your position. Steve
also indicated his thoughts on positions as being a series of trades. Questions on cheapening your
position price arose from some of the holes.
If you re-position in this manner and miss the lower price, do you do it at a higher price? What do
you do if the market continues to go against you and it gets to be a cheaper and cheaper place to reenter
(leaving your remaining position losing?) How many attempts do you make to re-enter?
POP – All good questions and the answer to each is along the same lines here. When using rule one
to tell you to remove an added position, it is possible that you may have held the position for a
period of time and you have a good profit.
Your trade program may look at the fact that the market is starting to plateau and you are not seeing
your position to continue to prove correct. By this indicator and using rule one, you would remove
the position due to the failure to continue to prove correct even though you have a good profit but
have just stalled in the move. In this case you would look to re-enter at a mover favorable price on a
reaction and have to prove that re-entry with rule one again.
Of course if the market continues to go against the proven correct position, you would within your
trading program expect to be flagged of that situation and use rule one accordingly. You would not
make any new attempts unless your trading program indicated to position further. As far as how
many attempts to reposition is up to your trade criteria and program.
Rules one and two are not the criteria to position but only the rules to follow within your indicators
from your program in order to have a mechanical system for doing what is required on both sides of
the coin.
In asking questions on different aspects of your rules, I think Steve is actually trying to cover all the
bases on proper behavior in all situations of the rules. By asking the questions, he is actually
devising a probable and possible scenario, which is required in addressing validity of the rules use.
As I have said in the past, it is questions of methods and systems, which allow a trader to correctly
simplify trading when the market is open by obtaining the answer to the best probability of a
method or system.
Does Steve see his points in his research as different than I see them? I don’t think so at all as I
question every aspect before using my two rules in order to solve any possible conflict in their
incorporation of my trading criteria. I think Steve is going to be able to incorporate his trading
program without conflict after satisfying his program criteria to what he expects of it.
ALS – We could debate the use of your rules more!

POP – I don’t call it debate. I call it improving trading styles for our traders. They ask the right
questions and they trade the right way after incorporating their knowledge. It gets even better after
they incorporate their experience too.
ALS – Steve indicates his feeling on catching a move as being willing to risk open position profits
for the reward of the trend re-asserting itself at plateaus. We still consider a profit-taking rule as a
POP – My trade programs allow me to take profits after three adds upon a third wave of movement.
The third wave usually is the strongest and that is where I get out of the elevator on the 14th floor
rather than ride to the 18th floor if it seems to move rather fast. I know it is going to stop eventually.
The only question in trader’s minds, I think is do we get out at the 14th floor on the way up or the
way down.
The correct answer to that lies in our trading program. Using the criteria we have programmed in let
us say that on balance volume is telling us above all other indicators that on our way up we are
seeing large volume on any reversal day and more so than on up days even though our OBV is
increasing. This is conflict and perhaps our program will say get out on the 14th floor on the way up
and not on the way down. Other times we will have a program which says to stay in as long as the
positions continues the move.
ALS – Ronald Adams had another good idea on rule three. He felt that you should never give back
to the market if you can help it. In other words keep what you have. He also felt there was really no
need for rule three.
POP – It has always been easier to make money than to keep it in trading. Ronald has some good
points. Giving back is the big problem after having profits. This really leaves us with conflict as to
whether there would be a good advantage in having a rule three. I know a very famous system of
trading over decades never had a rule three until it was proven to them that they must have a way to
keep their profits at least around 50% of what they had made in their positions. It changed their
ALS – Rob Klatt climbed on board the bus on the rule three thoughts. He is with the other traders
on his thoughts too.
POP – We can let him drive for a while then.
Maybe we need a rule three completely outside of rules one and two in order to keep more of our
profits using probabilities based on research. I am 50/50 on this rule now.
As you see we are still in conflict as to what is the need or purpose of criteria for rule three! Go
back to the traders and let us listen some more.
ALS – Ok let us do that! I think this is excellent improvement material on effective profit taking. I
know you have many more ideas and with that grin on your face, I too know that you have the
ending answer within your sight. It has been in your computers program all along.
Where is Alfredo when we need Alfredo? We are at a stalemate. New game?
” It’s all the traders, you and me who will be satisfied with rule three at it’s conclusion. “—POP